The most common Indian staple food; the Indian Roti is also called “chapati” in some parts of the country. The Chapati/ Roti is the Indian flat bread made of wheat flour. The wheat is ground into flour and the flour is not refined by passing it through a sieve but left with the bran. This flour is then kneaded with water and there is no leavening agent like yeast added to it. It is rolled into thin flat breads and cooked on the skillet.
The nutritional value of the Chapati/Roti is high because of the high fiber content of the wheat flour used to make the chapatti/roti and because no preservative or leavening agent is added to it as it has to be eaten fresh. Nowadays however, you can get frozen chapattis in the market just like all other ready-to-eat food, chapatti/roti details of nutritional content is clearly written on the packing.
Frozen Chapatti/Roti has to be defrosted and heated on a skillet before consuming. Chapati/Roti details on the packing should be carefully examined to see the expiry date etc. There is no need to eat frozen or packaged Chapati/ Roti because it is quite so easy to cook them yourself. Other than the wheat flour there is no other ingredient that is required and the special cooking tools needed are also quite rudimentary, which are found in all kitchens; the rolling pin and the skillet.
The variations in the Chapati/Roti details made in different households can be slight; salt added or not added to the dough, small amounts of oil or ghee used in the dough or not alt all, small amounts of oil or ghee used when cooking the chapatti on the skillet or none at all. Also variations can be in the shape of the roti which is ideally round but can be triangular or even square. The non initiated to the art of making rotis could make a perfectly uneven shape.
Although the process of making chapatis or the recipe description is simple, the cook has to be skilled and experienced because it is only with practice that the roti will be perfectly round and of even thickness and also soft. All these chapatti/roti details that go into the making of a good depend upon the chapatti rolling skills of the cook and these skills come with observation and practice. Observation is required of a skilled chapatti maker kneading the dough and rolling the roti.
Thus in India, the daughter observes the mother making rotis and imbibes the skills.