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Election Commission of India:
The commission of Asian nation is AN autonomous, quasi-judiciary constitutional body of Asian nation. Its mission is to conduct free and honest elections in Asian nation. it had been established on twenty five Gregorian calendar month 1950 underneath Article 324 of the Constitution of Asian nation.
Until Oct 1989, there was only 1 Chief Election Commissioner. In 1989, 2 Election Commissioners were appointed, however were removed once more in Gregorian calendar month 1990. In 1991, however, the Parliament of Asian nation passed a law providing for the appointment of 2 Election Commissioners. This law was amended and renamed in 1993 because the Chief Election Commissioner and different Election Commissioners (Conditions of Service) modification Act 1993.
The Chief Election Commissioner are often faraway from his workplace by Parliament with common fraction majority in LokSabha and RajyaSabha on the bottom of tried wrongful conduct or incapacity. The commission shall encompass a Chief Election Commissioner and such different Commissioners because the President could, from time to time, fix. different Election Commissioner are often removed by the President on the advice of the Chief Election Commissioner. earnings of chief election commissioner is same as justice of supreme court of Asian nation. All 3 commissioner have same right of taking a choice. Tenure of commissioners is six years or up to age of sixty five, whichever is earlier. The commission of Asian nation has completed over three hundred elections.
Powers and duties of commission of India:
The commission enjoys complete autonomy and is insulated from any quite government interference. The body conjointly functions as a quasi-judiciary body in matters of electoral disputes and different matters involving the conduct of elections. Its recommendations and opinions area unit binding on the President of Asian nation. However, the choices of the body area unit accountable for freelance judiciary reviews by courts engaged on electoral petitions.
The commission is to blame for designing and death penalty a full quantity of advanced operations that move into the conduct of elections, but commission isn't to blame for the conduct of native body elections. throughout the elections, the whole Central (Federal) and authorities machinery together with para-military forces and therefore the Police is deemed to get on deputation to the commission that takes effective management of personnel, movable and immoveable Government Properties it deems necessary for prospering completion of the electoral method. except for conducting elections to representative bodies, the commission has been on several occasions, referred to as upon by the Courts to manage and execute elections to varied governing bodies of different autonomous organizations, like Syndicates of Universities, statutory skilled bodies, etc.
The following are the principle functions of the Election Commission of India:
- Demarcation of Constituencies.
- Preparation of Electoral Rolls.
- Recognition of Political parties and allotment of symbols.
- Scrutiny of nomination papers.
- Conduct of polls.
- Scrutiny of election expenses of candidates.
Official website of Election Commission of India is www.eci.nic.in
Contact Details of Election Commission Of India:
Ashoka Road, New Delhi-110001
Tel: 011-23717391 Fax: 011-23713412
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