Dams In India
India may be a country enriched with rivers and canals, contributive to her agricultural operations and wealth, most of them flowing from north to south, a number of them from east to west, however all of them stalled at numerous spots with well-constructed Dams and reservoirs, largely for irrigational purpose, a number of them for power generation, but sharing water turning into the most important issue among States, there square measure a minimum of 380 dams and reservoirs, these days of the country, due to the 5 year Plans initiated at the break of Independence to India.
Dams of India square measure little and large, however, there square measure several major ones attracting the eye of each subject, right at the time of construction as a result of the protests by folks that got to vacate their living areas to accommodate the dam construction desires, to the water sharing problems arising out of dams interference the water flow at one station, inflicting issue to the irrigational desires on the following areas of watercourse flow.
Some dams of India square measure very talked-about too, for instanceHirakud Dam of Mahanadhi watercourse of province is that the world’s longest material dam, nurturing a 55 km long water reservoir with it, that is one in all the largest multi-purpose reservoirs haunted for construction directly once Independence.
SardarSarovar Dam is that the largest dam of Gujarat made as a part of Narmada depression Project, that came to form as early as 1979, the projected final height of that is 163 m from its base, expected irrigation square measure to be 18000 sq kilometer or a lot of, line to the wants of drought prone regions of tannin and Saurashtra, but facing social problems connected with environmental impacts raised by in style social teams.
Bakra Dam of Himachal Pradesh, is the second tallest Dam of the country, the first being Tehri Dam, holding water as the second largest reservoir, the first being the Indira Sagar Dam of Madhya Pradesh, Bakra Dam once described by the first Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru as the New temple of Resurgent India, and it is one of the popular Dams of India where tourists throng about.
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam of Mysore, Karnataka is one of the well-constructed dams of India, established as early as 1924, with the superintendence of well known Engineer Dr. Visweswarayya, supplying water for irrigation and drinking purposes from the river Kaveri, to the people of Karnataka, also providing an excellent tourist spot of the form of Brindavan Gardens, which is one of the earliest botanical parks of the country.
This way, every State of India is maintaining a number of Dams for irrigation particularly, although few of them generate power through their hydro electrical plants.