detailed map of Bihar and neighboring regions
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Physical Map Of Bihar
Bihar is located in the eastern region of India, it lies in a subtropical region of temperate zone. It is located between latitude 24°-20'-10" N ~ 27°-31'-15" N and longitude 82°-19'-50" E ~ 88°-17'-40" E. Bihar shares its borders with distinct states ranging from west Bengal in east to Uttar Pradesh in west and Jharkhand in south . Bihar also shares its border with a country Nepal in its north. It lies in Indo-Gangetic plain of north india and has an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq metre). According to area india is ranked 12 amongst all the states of india.
The geographical region of bihar can be divided into north and south by the river ganga by passing midway through it. Ganges tributaries are the Son, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Phalgu. A number of rivers like Phalgu, Ghaghra, Gandak,Budhi Gandak, Bagmati, Kamala,Bhutahi Balan, Kosi, Mahananda,Son, punpun along with ganga spans the geographical area of bihar. Bihar a variety of landforms including plain and mountains of Rajgir hills, Brahmayoni Hill,Pretshila Hill, Ramshila Hill. The Himalayas begin at foothills a short distance inside Nepal but influence Bihar's landforms, climate, hydrology and culture.the himalyas are located at the north of bihar in Nepal. To the south it has another landform, plateau – the chhota Nagpur plateau which was a part of it by the year 2000. But now it is located in Jharkhand.
The state of bihar can be divided into 9 divisions that are – Bhagalpur, Darbhanga, Munger, Magadh, Kosi, Patna, Purnia, Saran and tirhut and 38 districts including Patna, Bhagalpur, Nawada East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, West Champaran ,Buxar. In addition to these this state also has several waterfalls like Kakolat, Manjhar Kund, Dhua Kund,North Tank. Bihar is located at 173 feet above sea kevel. Moreover, bihar potrays a wide vaiety of bio- geographical land forms and climate.
History Of Bihar
Bihar, the name of the state comes from a Sanskrit or pali word ‘vihara’ which means abode or residence, the state is named so because of abodes of Buddhist monks that existed throughout this area in the ancient and medieval periods. History of bihar is very rich Magadh , Mithila, Anga , Vaishali were those region of ancient bihar that were sites for emergence of major dynasties and empires of ancient india.
In the prehistoric period, the earliest proof of human activity in Bihar is mesolithic habitational remains at Paisra and munger. Prehistoric rock paintings were discovered in hills of Kaimur, Nawada and Jamui. It was the first time that a Neolithic settlement were discovered in the thick of the Alluvium, over the bank of the Ganges at Chirand. The ancient bihar saw rise of major dynasties of bihar, the Murya and Gupta dynasties at around 7th to 8th century B.C.
It was in Bihar that Prince Gautam attained enlightenment, and went to become the Buddha. At present it is Bodh Gaya a town in central Bihar where the great religion of buddhism was born. Lord Mahavira, the founder of another great religion, Jainism, was born and attained nirvana in the state of Bihar. That site is located at the present town of pawapuri, that is located some miles to the south east of Patna, the Capital of Bihar. it was here that the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh was born and and became a Guru. A lovely and majestic Gurudwara (a temple for Sikhs) built to commemorate his memory the harmandir and now is located in eastern Patna. Known respectfully as the Patna Sahib, it is one of the five holiest places of worship (Takhat) for Sikhs.
The world's first seat of higher learning, an university in Nalanda was established during the Gupta period. It continued as a seat of learning till the middle ages, when the muslim invaders burned it down. The ruins are a protected monument and are a popular tourist spot. The
Of Arthashastra Chanakya also known as Kautilya was born here . The author of the Hindu epic Ramayana – maharshi valmiki was born in ancient Bihar.
Bihar feels proud of its assets that it has been gifted by time, due to its geographical location, natural beauty, mythological and historical importance.
Geography Map Of Bihar
The state of Bihar is located in the eastern region of India between latitude 24°-20'-10" N ~ 27°-31'-15" N and longitude 82°-19'-50" E 88°-17'-40" E on Earth. Bihar lies in the indo-gangetic plain, has an area of 94,163 sq. km. Bihar has a noted forest area of 6,764.14 km², which is 7.1 per cent of its geographical area.
Indo-Gangetic plain's soil is the backbone of agricultural and industrial development. The most common soil type of Bihar is gangetic alluvial - covering the Bihar plains, swampy soil - found in northwestern section of west Champaran district, Terai soil - found in northern section of the state along Nepal border and clay, loamy soil are also common in Bihar as a consequence the land here is very fertile. The Geographical mainland of Bihar drained by the river Ganges including northern tributaries of other river, the Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves. Central Bihar, south of Ganges, is a region with rich agricultural resources. Most of the north and central Bihar is plain with no significant elevation.
Bihar is rich in natural resources mainly forest and minerals. Mainly deciduous and sal forest are favored in these areas, here the rainfall is 1600 mm. These types of forests are mainly present in Saharsa and Purnia districts. Bihar is a producer of minerals-Steatite, Pyrites, Quartzite, Crude Mica, Limestone and Bauxite.
This state shares its borders with west Bengal in east, Uttar Pradesh in west and Jharkhand in south. Bihar also shares its border with a country Nepal in its north. This state exhibits a wide range of mountains including Rajgir hills, Brahmayon hill, Perteshila hill and Ramshila hill. Bihar is drained by a wide range of rivers like kosi, gandak, mahananda, punpun, and son. Waterfalls like kakolat, north tank, manjhar kund, dhua kund are present here.
Bihar is one of the most flood prone states of India, with 76% of the population in the north Bihar living under the recurring threat of flood devastation. Climate of Bihar mainly varies with season. It is cold in the winter, the lowest temperatures being around 0-10 degrees Celsius. It is hot in the summer with average highs around 35-40 Celsius. Winter months are December and January. Summer months are April to mid June. The monsoon months of June, July, August, and September see good rainfall. October & November and February & March have pleasant climate
Census Map of Bihar
Bihar, a state in eastern part of India was established in 1912 as Bihar and Orissa province, and later on as Bihar in 1936. The state has a total population of 103, 804, 63. This state is the third most populated state of India. According to 2011 census of Bihar it has a population of 103, 804, 63 while it had a population of 82,998,509 in the census of 2001. Out of this the population of male is 54,185,347 and that of female is 49,619,290. The growth rate is 25.07% which is greater than the average national growth rate of about 17%. In the previous decade the population growth rate of Bihar was 28.43%.
This state shows an upward trend in the literacy rate of 63.82%over a decade. Of that, male literacy remains at 71.20 percent at the same time female literacy is at 46.40 percent. As per 2001 census, literacy rate in Bihar stood at 47.00 % of which male and female were 59.68 percent and 33.12 percent literate respectively.
In actual numbers, the total number of literates in Bihar is 52,504,553 of which 31,608,023 were males and females were 20,896,530.
As stated by 2011 census, sex ratio in Bihar is 918 that are females per 1000 males which are below national average of 940. In 2001 the sex ratio in Bihar was of 921. The child sex ratio of Bihar is 933 per 1000 males which see an increase from 908 in 2001.
Out of total population in Bihar, 11.29% people live in urban regions. The urban population in the last 10 years has risen by 11.29 percent. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 11,758,016 of which 6,204,307 are males and while remaining 5,553,709 are females. Within the total population of Bihar state, around 88.71 percent live in the villages or rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 48,073,850 and 44,267,586 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Bihar state was 92,341,436.
RailNework Map Of Bihar
Bihar railways lie in east central railway of India, this state is well connected by rest of the country by its railway. There are 17 railway zones in India; and the east central railway is among one of them. This zone was established on 8 September 1996. There are a total of 238 Railway stations in the state of Bihar. Patna junction a major railway station in capital city of Bihar–Patna, it is connected to major Indian cities of India like Delhi and Kolkata by Rail network.
Patna railway junction has 10 platforms and 15 tracks and it has an elevation of 57 meters, this junction was established and opened in 1862. The station code is PNBE, it lies in major Delhi Kolkata route, and about 3 lakh passengers travel per day through this rail network. Patna city is a major railway hub and has a total of six railway stations: Rajinder Nagar Terminal, Danapur Terminal, and Gulzarbagh station, Patna Junction, Patliputra Junction and Patna Sahib Station.
Patna Junction is served by numerous express and superfast trains from all over the country. Several electrified local passenger trains also run from Patna to neighboring destinations on frequent intervals.
The important places of Bihar are linked by rail services regulated by Indian Railways. Important super fast trains running in Bihar rail network are Rajdhani Express, Sampoorna kranti Express, Shatabdi Express, and Jansadharan Express. Patna, Vaishali, Baidyanath dham, Gaya, Pawapuri, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya, Rajgir are major cities of Bihar are well connected by railways.
Patna metro a new insight in Bihar rail network is a planned rapid transit system for the capital of Bihar-Patna; it is going to be owned by Patna Metro Train Corporation. The Metro rail will be introduced on two routes under the public-private partnership mode. The metro rail in Patna is the second metro rail transport system in the east of India after the Kolkata metro in the city of Kolkata.
Road Map Of Bihar
A basic road map helps one to find out any destination, it helps trace the shortest route moreover, it helps one to calculate the total distance covered; it can be done by simply by choosing and picking up a route in map areas, thereby calculating the total distance.
The state of Bihar has a vast network of major Indian roadways; this eastern state of India has a good road network. There are 29 highways in Bihar distributed over a length of 3,537 km. and many state highways over a length of 3,766km. The major national highways are NH-2, NH-28, NH-31, NH-98, NH-30 and NH-57 they link Bihar with important Indian cities.
Bihar roadways can be majorly divided into four major categories- National highways, state highways, village roads and district roads. These networks of roadways connect cities, towns and villages to one another and to other states of the country. Bihar’s total road network comprises of kuccha roads encompassing a length of about 46,461 km and pucca roads in a length of about 59,159 km together distributed to a total length of 1,05,621 Km.
The major road-network like Nalanda roadways covers Nalanda, important destinations like Patna, Delhi, Kolkata, Bodhgaya and Rajgir. Roadways of Patna connect Nalanda, Rajgir, Pawapuri, Gaya, Bodhgaya, Raxaul, Ranchi and Muzzafarpur. Roadways of Bodhgaya connect Gaya, Patna, Varanasi, Nalanda, Rajgir and Kolkata. Bidyanath dham or deoghar roadways connect parts of Bihar like Giridih, Madhupur and Dumka and also to Kolkata. An extensive road network covers Vaishali which connects it to many important cities of Bihar like Patna, Hajipur, Muzzafarpur, which are, in turn connected to rest of India. Other important destinations in Bihar, namely Bodhgaya, Nalanda and Rajgir lie close by.
A government owned road Transport Company Bihar State Road Transport Corporation. BSRTC in Bihar was set up in 1959. BSTDC Provide the people of Bihar a fully integrated transport system and infrastructure which meets the underlying needs of mobility and passenger or travelers for different strata of the society.
Air Network Map Of Bihar
Bihar has a good air network; it is well connected to the rest of the country by its airways. The major portion of air traffic of Bihar is pragmatic in the capital of the state that is Patna; this city has an airport called Lok Nayak Jayaprakash airport also known as Jaiprakash Narayan Airport. Airlines of Bihar connect it to major Indian states as well as to the other countries.
Domestic airways link Bihar to the other states such as Delhi, Lucknow, Kolkata, Chennai, Mumbai, and also to other neighboring country like Nepal. Some of the few airlines providing air services are Go Air, Indigo, Jet Airways, Air India, and Jet konnect. Regular flights are available from Bihar at Patna Airport, traffic is growing rapidly and it is the 21st busiest airport in India. This airport is classified as restricted International airport by Airports Authority of India.
There is another airport at Gaya also known as Bodhgaya Airport which is at about 5 kilometers away from the temple city Bodhgaya, this airport spreads over an area of 954 acres. It is the second busiest airport in Bihar after Patna. Major airlines connecting it to other states are Air India, Buddha Air, Druk Air, Mihin Lanka, Myanmar airways international, The Airways international. Bihar is linked with states like New Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi, Colombo, and to yangoon. Regular, seasonal and chartered planes voyage from Bihar, thereby connecting it to other destinations.
Cities of this eastern state are connected to its nearby airports for instance Vaishali, Nalanda, Jamui, Rajgir, Pawapuri and Deogarh are connected to its nearby airport Jaiprakash Narayan Airport in Patna. Bodhgaya and Rajgir are connected to the nearest most Gaya Airport by several public and private airlines.
Business And Economy Map Of Bihar
Bihar is the second fastest growing economy of India during the last five year period; Bihar has a GDP of 11.03%. Economy Of state mainly depends on service sector which accounts for 55 % of economy, agriculture accounts for 35 % and industrial sector accounts for 9 % of economy of Bihar. Number of economic and social reforms has led to a positive improvement in the economy of the state and also capital of the state Patna.
The state has a per capita income of $360 a year as compared to India's average of $1265. out of the total population of Bihar, 30.6% of the state's population lives below the poverty line against India's average of 22.15%. However, Bihar’s GSDP grew by 18% over the period 2006-2007, which was higher than in the past 10 years. In terms of income Patna, Munger & Begusarai districts in Bihar were the three best-off districts out of a total of 38 districts in the state, recording the highest per capita gross district domestic product of Rs 31,441, Rs 10,087 and Rs 9,312, respectively in 2004-05. In June 2009, the World Bank reported that Patna was the second best city in India to start a business, after Delhi.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of Bihar; the state has two basic cropping seasons that contribute heavily towards the economy of the state. These cropping seasons are Kharif season that starts at 3rd week of May and till the end of October, and Rabi season this continues in the intervening period between the Kharif season. Principle crops are rice, wheat, maize, paddy, jute, sugarcane etc.
Industrial sector in Bihar also contributes to the economic growth, mainly includes numerous sugar factories distributed all throughout. There are many rice and edible oil mills as well in northern part of the state, and other industries include fertilizer factory and thermal power stations. The economy of Bihar highly influences the administrative set up and growth.
Culture Of Bihar
Bihar is a state with rich culture and heritage, this state has many religions like Hindu, Muslim, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikh. Hinduism is the main religion whereas Islam is the second largest religion in Bihar. Maithili, Angika, Magadhi and Bhojpuri are the majorly spoken language in the state. Hindi is the co-official national language, with English – and Urdu is constitutionally recognized languages of the state.
A variety of art forms and craft are prevalent in different parts of the state, Mithila painting or Madhubani Painting is a style of Indian painting practiced in the Mithila region specially Darbhanga and Madhubani districts in this kind of art powdered rice is colored and used as a dye. Manjusha Kala, or Angika Art, an art form of the Anga region of Bihar in this art Manjusha - temple-shaped boxes, with eight pillars made of bamboo, jute-straw and pape.
One of the major festivals is Chhath- worship of sun god. Chhath is an ancient and major festival in Bihar; It is celebrated twice a year: once in the summer, called the Chaiti Chhath, and once in the beginning of winter about a week after deepawali, called the Kartik Chhath. Besides Chhath all major festivals of India are celebrated in Bihar, such as Makar sankranti,Saraswati Puja, Holi, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Zuha,Muharram, Ram navmi, Rakshabandhan,, Deepawali and Durga Puja. Teej and Chitragupta puja are local festivals celebrated with enthusiasm in Bihar. The Sonepur cattle fair is a month-long event is considered the largest cattle fair in Asia mainly held at banks of the Gandak River in the town of Sonepur.
The cuisine of Bihar is consumed in Bihar Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bangladesh, and Nepal, as well as Mauritius, Fiji, some cities of Pakistan, Guyana, and Trinidad and Tobago, since these are destinations of large Bihari emigration. Some of the most famous dishes of Bihar are sattu Paratha, fish curry, Bihari kebab, and Posta-dana ka Halwa or Khas-khas ka Halwa, Litti chokha is a is a year-round food prepared by cooking the litti prepared by sattu stuffed in atta over an open fire.
Outline Map Of Bihar
An outline map of any state or country provides us information about the boundaries of the states in the country. It functions as a guide for the students of geography and helps them to know about the various states in the country along with their frontiers. Blank outline maps of countries and states like Bihar helps to a greater extent in educational purposes, they are available both online and offline. Bihar was one of the most important centre for learning power and culture in ancient and classical India.
Bihar is located in east of India, it is the 12th largest state of India by geographical area and 3rd in terms of population. Political, physical and geographical outline maps of Bihar are also available both online and offline. The map shows the location of Bihar on the map of India and the districts along with district headquarters. This Bihar Map also shows other Indian states neighboring the state of Bihar and the map is also useful in depicting its international boundary with Nepal. The states and city of Bihar including the capital of Bihar, Patna is also marked on the Bihar Map.
The state of Bihar can be divided into 38 districts and 9 divisions. Out of the 38 districts the best three by means of income are Patna, Munger, and Begusarai recording the highest per capita gross district domestic product. Bihar is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world, with a history spanning 3,000 years. Ancient Universities of Nalanda, Vikramshila, Odantapura were located here. Bihar shares its boundaries with different states like Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Jharkhand in west, east and south respectively. It also shares its border with a country Nepal in North of it.
An outline map of Bihar displays all its neighbors including states well as country. A large number of rivers mainly Ganges flow through Bihar.