|archeological Site In India||
Haryana >> Bhirrana
The site chemical analysis back to third Millennium B.C runs on the Saraswati watercourse and lies on Bhuna Road. The excavators divided this web site into four periods supported their findings, viz, Hakra ware, Early Harappan, Mature Harappan and complete Harappan cultures. this can be the primary web site within the history of ASI that discovered the Hakra ware.
Phases of Harappan Culture
Initially, the Hakra ware culture was rarely seen in Asian nation. however when excavation at Bhirrana, this distinctive culture enabled the Archaeologists to investigate the pre Harappan culture. The characteristics of Hakra ware is clear from infernal region walls manufactured from soil (mostly found on banks of Saraswati River). The locals of that amount most likely adorned themselves with copper jewellery like arrow on head, copper bangles, camelian beads, terracotta articles then on. The room accessories enclosed pottery manufactured from Mud, chocolate coloured wares and similar alternative articles.
As the excavation went more, the findings were totally different and was categorised as early as Harappan culture characterised with Kalibangan fabrics, steatites, conches, shells, terracotta bangles, objects manufactured from bone and a bit flavors other type pre Harappan culture. The objects had symbols of imaginary creature, bull, ruminant and alternative animals that were moon signs of that amount.
Further excavation discovered alternative fascinating section of Harappan culture and is categorised as early Mature Harappan culture. This era is characterised with fort-styles walls close the residential colonies, the brick alignments within the homes were fascinating, the streets, lanes and roads stood in between homes on either finish. Fishhook, copper arrow head, animal figurines, shells, beads manufactured from stones, etc proved the artifacts of this section of Harappan culture.
The next section is characterised with homes manufactured from tanned red bricks, seals and coins manufactured from copper, wheels with spikes, opaque gem then on. This section is termed as Mature Harappan amount. apparently, kitchen utensil enclosed oven vogue pans, and a separate outlet for disposal of waste water.
Also, the archaeologists found graffiti of dance lady that resembled the one excavated at Mohenjo-Daro of Indus depression civilization. The graffiti stood proof to non secular beliefs of worshiping water mermaids or the Apsaras.
Uniqueness of the Excavation
The ASI team conjointly found totally different sizes of houses: one with 3 rooms and alternative with ten odd rooms. The pits were totally different notably with mud plasters which could are used for sacrifices or trade functions. The existence of urban culture throughout those times were familiar regarding eighty five years past however the excavations discovered existence of underground drain and curiosity within the researchers to excavate a lot of of Harappan sites. makes an attempt square measure being created to get what lay on the far side the Harappan civilization that is nonetheless to check the sunshine of the day.
How to Reach
The nearest airfield is Delhi International airfield and one needs to take the New Delhi-Fazilka main road to succeed in this place. Nearest district is Bhuna and is settled at regarding fifteen kms