|archeological Site In India||
Andhra Pradesh >> Penukonda
Penukonda could be a city|village|settlement|community} settled seventy kilometer off from Anantapur town in province State. This place is gaining importance due to a medieval time fort within the heritage purpose of read.
This region of province, wherever Penukonda is settled, includes a history completely different|of various} dynasties ruling the place at different times, that embrace Hoysala kingdom, Chalukya kingdom, Vijayanagar kingdom, Mahratta ruler, Nizams, Nawabs, Sultans, etc ultimately being dominated underneath a people once Nizam of Hyderabad given to British. So, this place is delimited by completely different cultures and lifestyles.
Penukonda was once the second capital of Vijayanagar Empire bearing the name Ghanagiri or Ghanadri. The inscriptions found at this place indicate that King Bukka I of Vijayanagar had allotted Penukondaas a province to be dominated underneath his son Vira Virupanna Udaiyar’s care. it had been this Vira Virupanna Udayar WHO had engineered the Penukonda Fort throughout his regime.
Hoysalas had followed Jainism. Since this place practiced Jainism for quite some amount, this place has become an area of Jain temples. The temple of Parsvanath is especially terribly celebrated due to the inexperienced colored idol here. The immortal is additionally known as Pache Parsvanath Swamy.
Likewise, due to the celebrated Babaiah Dargah established here by Mughals, this place is additionally necessary for Muslims. The twelfth Century Sufi Saint Hazrath cake Fakruddin had visited Penukonda, planted a twig and stayed by its facet to examine it becomes a plant and ultimately a tree. the general public here refer him as Babaiah with reverence and therefore the Dargah is presumptively named once him.
Penukonda virtually means that a ‘big hill’. The Penukonda city is wealthy with nature’s bounty placed at the foot of a fortified hill and either side of the city have semi-circular lines of fortification. This stunning formation attracts ton of tourists to the present place.
The inscriptions mention Penukonda Fort as Ghangari Fort and therefore the design of the fort construction contain huge sculptural work. These sculptures reveal the craft of these times.
Some inscriptions found in Mysore reveal that Bukkaraya had mammary gland a channel from Penneru to Penukonda for water system, indicating that this place was used because the summer resort of Vijayanagar Royal families for a few time. The summer palace referred as Gagan Mahal had been in-built 1575 AD with a basement in Hindu vogue. However, ground floor design with convoluted Muslim details indicate later additions. This palace has similarity with many structures at Hampi, conjointly with Muslim vogue arches, plaster decorations and vaults combining each the cultures.
Babayya Darga, another place of non secular importance here, could be a distinctive feature demonstrating communal harmony between Hindu and Muslims. there's conjointly a belief among the individuals of this place, that historically there have been 365 temples here, one established for worship on on a daily basis of the year. Yoga Narasimhaswamy temple, Yoga Rama temple and Kashi Vishwanatha temple ar the 3 distinguished temple among these and most of the temples currently having been destroyed, one will witness the ruins of a number of them.
There is a mammoth idol of Lord Hanuman, regarding eleven feet high, put in at the most entrance of the Fort that is thought as Yerramanchi gate, that could be a spot to go to. there's conjointly a house of God known as Sher Khan house of God and in its court payment one will notice a Telugu inscription of 'Sadashiva'. This inscription is additionally dated to 1564. there's a second house of God within the fort at its entrance that includes a massive structure in-built Hindu vogue.
How to Reach
Penukonda is in 70-km reach from Anantapur within the Kurnool-Bangalore road and one will have a good looking drive during this four lane route. There ar many buses out there for travel to the present place each from Anantapur and from alternative centres in province.
Anantapur has sensible bus services from alternative centres of province and Karnataka, whereas Anantapur train depot is well connected.
The nearest landing field to achieve Anantapur is Hindpur landing field, that is 185 kilometer away. One will reach Anantapur from Tirupati landing field that is of 235 kilometer distance.